This course focuses on advanced pathophysiology, including stress echo, trans-esophageal, ischemic and congenital heart diseases. The student learns to determine the presence of cardiac diseases and pathology as seen during an echocardiographic exam. A review of various medical and surgical treatments used in the care of patients with cardiac disease is included. Basic machine mechanics and physics as related to each Echo examination are also covered. The laboratory component of this course focuses on laboratory experiences covering advanced echocardiography studies with Doppler interpretation. Prerequisite: CVT 204 and CVT 107